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Wurm, S.A. 1972.
Languages of Australia and
Tasmania. The Hague: Mouton.
The languages of Australia are extremely diverse and
their origins are relatively obscure. No relationship
has yet been determined between the languages of
Australia and those of any other region, excluding a
number of possible loanwords from Papuan
languages in northern Australia.
Relationships between Australian languages
show that even within the same continent there is
extreme diversity. This map shows 31 distinct
language families in Australia, as well as groups and
subgroups within those families, where applicable.
The majority of these language families are located
in the far northern part of the Northern Territory,
and do not seem to bear definitive similarities to one
another, forming a linguistically dense and diverse
region. The majority of Australia, however, is taken
up by the large Pama-Nyungan family, which is itself
diverse, and consists of many subgroups, including
the large Southwest Group in Western Australia,
Southern Australia, and parts of the Northern
Territory and the Paman Group in north Queensland.
Other LLMAP resources related to this project:
Languages of Tasmania (O'Grady and Jones)
Languages of Tasmania (Schmidt and Capell)
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